List of birds in Ethiopia

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List of birds in Ethiopia

This is a list of the bird species recorded in Ethiopia. The avifauna of Ethiopia includes a total of 924 species, of which 23 are endemic and 3 are rare or accidental.

This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families, and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of Clements's 5th edition. The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflects this taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family account. Accidental species are included in the total species counts for Ethiopia.

The following tags have been used to highlight certain relevant categories. The commonly occurring, native, species do not fall into any of these categories.

(A) Accidental A species that rarely or accidentally occurs in Ethiopia.

(E) Endemic A species endemic to Ethiopia.

Ostriches

Order: Struthioniformes. Family: Struthionidae

The Ostrich is a flightless bird native to Africa. It is the largest living species of bird. It is distinctive in its appearance, with a long neck and legs and the ability to run at high speeds.

Ostrich Struthio camelus

Grebes

Order: Podicipediformes. Family: Podicipedidae

Grebes are small to medium-large sized freshwater diving birds. They have lobed toes, and are excellent swimmers and divers. However, they have their feet placed far back on the body, making them quite ungainly on land. There are 20 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Ethiopia.

Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis

Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus

Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis

Shearwaters and petrels

Order: Procellariiformes. Family: Procellariidae

The procellariids are the main group of medium-sized 'true petrels', characterised by united nostrils with a medium septum, and a long outer functional primary. There are 75 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Ethiopia.

Audubon's Shearwater Puffinus lherminieri

Storm petrels

Order: Procellariiformes. Family: Hydrobatidae

The storm petrels are relatives of the petrels, and are the smallest of sea-birds. They feed on planktonic crustaceans and small fish picked from the surface, typically while hovering. The flight is fluttering and sometimes bat-like. There are 21 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Ethiopia.

Wilson's Storm Petrel Oceanites oceanicus

White-faced Storm Petrel Pelagodroma marina

Leach's Storm Petrel Oceanodroma leucorhoa

Swinhoe's Storm Petrel Oceanodroma monorhis

Tropicbirds

Order: Pelecaniformes. Family: Phaethontidae

Tropicbirds are slender white birds of tropical oceans, with exceptionally long central tail feathers. Their heads and long wings have black markings. There are 3 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Ethiopia.

Red-billed Tropicbird Phaethon aethereus

Red-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon rubricauda

Pelicans

Order: Pelecaniformes. Family: Pelecanidae

Pelicans are large water birds with a distinctive pouch under the beak. As with other members of the order Pelecaniformes, they have webbed feet with four toes. There are 8 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Ethiopia.

Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus

Pink-backed Pelican Pelecanus rufescens

Boobies and gannets

Order: Pelecaniformes. Family: Sulidae

The sulids comprise the gannets and boobies. Both groups comprise medium-to-large coastal sea-birds that plunge-dive for fish. There are 9 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Ethiopia.

Masked Booby Sula dactylatra

Red-footed Booby Sula sula

Brown Booby Sula leucogaster

Cormorants

Order: Pelecaniformes. Family: Phalacrocoracidae

The Phalacrocoracidae is a family of medium-to-large coastal, fish-eating sea-birds that includes cormorants and shags. Plumage colouration varies with the majority having mainly dark plumage, some species being black and white, and a few being colourful. There are 38 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Ethiopia.

Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo

Socotra Cormorant Phalacrocorax nigrogularis

Long-tailed Cormorant Phalacrocorax africanus

Darters

Order: Pelecaniformes. Family: Anhingidae

Darters are frequently referred to as "snake-birds" because of their long thin neck, which gives a snake-like appearance when they swim with their bodies submerged. The males have black and dark brown plumage, an erectile crest on the nape and a larger bill than the female. The females have a much paler plumage especially on the neck and underparts. The darters have completely webbed feet, and their legs are short and set far back on the body. Their plumage is somewhat permeable, like that of cormorants, and they spread their wings to dry after diving. There are 4 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Ethiopia.

Darter Anhinga melanogaster

Frigatebirds

Order: Pelecaniformes. Family: Fregatidae

Frigatebirds are large sea-birds usually found over tropical oceans. They are large, black and white or completely black, with long wings and deeply-forked tails. The males have inflatable coloured throat pouches. They do not swim or walk, and cannot take off from a flat surface. Having the largest wingspan to body weight ratio of any bird, they are essentially aerial, able to stay aloft for more than a week. There are 5 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Ethiopia.

Lesser Frigatebird Fregata ariel

Bitterns, herons and egrets

Order: Ciconiiformes. Family: Ardeidae

The family Ardeidae contains the bitterns, herons and egrets. Herons and egrets are medium to large sized wading birds with long necks and legs. Bitterns tend to be shorter necked and more wary. Unlike other long-necked birds suck as storks, ibises and spoonbills, members of Ardeidae fly with their necks retracted. There are 61 species worldwide and 16 species which occur in Ethiopia.

Grey Heron Ardea cinerea

Black-headed Heron Ardea melanocephala

Goliath Heron Ardea goliath

Purple Heron Ardea purpurea

Great Egret Ardea alba

Black Heron Egretta ardesiaca

Intermediate Egret Egretta intermedia

Western Reef Heron Egretta gularis

Little Egret Egretta garzetta

Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides

Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis

Striated Heron Butorides striata

Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax

White-backed Night-Heron Gorsachius leuconotus

Dwarf Bittern Ixobrychus sturmii

Great Bittern Botaurus stellaris

Hammerkop

 Order: Ciconiiformes. Family: Scopidae

The Hammerkop is a medium-sized bird with a long shaggy crest. The shape of its head with a curved bill and crest at the back is reminiscent of a hammer, hence its name. Its plumage is a drab brown all over.

Hamerkop Scopus umbretta

Storks

Order: Ciconiiformes. Family: Ciconiidae

Storks are large, long-legged, long-necked, wading birds with long, stout bills. Storks are mute; bill-clattering is an important mode of stork communication at the nest. Their nests can be large and may be reused for many years. Many species are migratory. There are 19 species worldwide and 8 species which occur in Ethiopia.

Yellow-billed Stork Mycteria ibis

African Openbill Anastomus lamelligerus

Black Stork Ciconia nigra

Abdim's Stork Ciconia abdimii

Woolly-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus

White Stork Ciconia ciconia

Saddle-billed Stork Ephippiorhynchus senegalensis

Marabou Stork Leptoptilos crumeniferus

Shoebill

Order: Ciconiiformes. Family: Balaenicipididae

The Shoebill is a large bird related to the storks. It derives its name from its massive shoe-shaped bill.

Shoebill Balaeniceps rex

Ibises and spoonbills

Order: Ciconiiformes. Family: Threskiornithidae

The Threskiornithidae is a family of large terrestrial and wading birds which includes the ibises and spoonbills. They have long, broad wings with 11 primary and about 20 secondary feathers. They are strong fliers and despite their size and weight, very capable soarers. There are 36 species worldwide and 7 species which occur in Ethiopia.

Sacred Ibis Threskiornis aethiopicus

Waldrapp Geronticus eremita

Hadada Ibis Bostrychia hagedash

Wattled Ibis Bostrychia carunculata

Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus

Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia

African Spoonbill Platalea alba

Flamingos

Order: Phoenicopteriformes. Family: Phoenicopteridae

Flamingos are gregarious wading birds, usually 3 to 5 feet high, found in both the Western and Eastern Hemispheres. They are more numerous in the latter. Flamingos filter-feed on shellfish and algae. Their oddly-shaped beaks are specially adapted to separate mud and silt from the food they consume, and are uniquely used upside-down. There are 6 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Ethiopia.

Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus

Lesser Flamingo Phoenicopterus minor

Ducks, geese and swans

Order: Anseriformes. Family: Anatidae

The family Anatidae includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl, such as geese and swans. These are birds that are modified for an aquatic existence with webbed feet, flattened bills and feathers that are excellent at shedding water due to an oily coating. There are 131 species worldwide and 26 species which occur in Ethiopia.

Fulvous Whistling Duck Dendrocygna bicolor

White-faced Whistling Duck Dendrocygna viduata

White-backed Duck Thalassornis leuconotus

Blue-winged Goose Cyanochen cyanopterus (E)

Egyptian Goose Alopochen aegyptiacus

Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea

Spur-winged Goose Plectropterus gambensis

Comb Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos

African Pygmy Goose Nettapus auritus

African Black Duck Anas sparsa

Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope

Gadwall Anas strepera

Common Teal Anas crecca

Cape Teal Anas capensis

Mallard Anas platyrhynchos

Yellow-billed Duck Anas undulata

Northern Pintail Anas acuta

Red-billed Duck Anas erythrorhyncha

Hottentot Teal Anas hottentota

Garganey Anas querquedula

Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata

Southern Pochard Netta erythrophthalma

Common Pochard Aythya ferina

Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca

Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula

Maccoa Duck Oxyura maccoa

Osprey

Order: Falconiformes. Family: Pandionidae

The Pandionidae family contains only one species, the Osprey. The Osprey is a medium large raptor which is a specialist fish-eater with a worldwide distribution.

Osprey Pandion haliaetus

Hawks, kites and eagles

Order: Falconiformes. Family: Accipitridae

Accipitridae is a family of birds of prey and include hawks, eagles, kites, harriers and Old World vultures. These birds have powerful hooked beaks for tearing flesh from their prey, strong legs, powerful talons, and keen eyesight. There are 233 species worldwide and 58 species which occur in Ethiopia.

African Cuckoo Hawk Aviceda cuculoides

European Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorus

Bat Hawk Macheiramphus alcinus

Black-winged Kite Elanus caeruleus

Scissor-tailed Kite Chelictinia riocourii

Black Kite Milvus migrans

African Fish Eagle Haliaeetus vocifer

Hooded Vulture Necrosyrtes monachus

Lammergeier Gypaetus barbatus

Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus

White-backed Vulture Gyps africanus

Rueppell's Griffon Gyps rueppellii

Eurasian Griffon Gyps fulvus

Lappet-faced Vulture Torgos tracheliotus

White-headed Vulture Trigonoceps occipitalis

Beaudouin's Snake Eagle Circaetus beaudouini

Black-breasted Snake Eagle Circaetus pectoralis

Brown Snake Eagle Circaetus cinereus

Banded Snake Eagle Circaetus cinerascens

Bateleur Terathopius ecaudatus

Western Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus

African Marsh Harrier Circus ranivorus

Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus

Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus

African Harrier-Hawk Polyboroides typus

Lizard Buzzard Kaupifalco monogrammicus

Dark Chanting Goshawk Melierax metabates

Eastern Chanting Goshawk Melierax poliopterus

Gabar Goshawk Micronisus gabar

Red-chested Goshawk Accipiter toussenelii

African Goshawk Accipiter tachiro

Shikra Accipiter badius

Levant Sparrowhawk Accipiter brevipes

Little Sparrowhawk Accipiter minullus

Ovampo Sparrowhawk Accipiter ovampensis

Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus

Rufous-chested Sparrowhawk Accipiter rufiventris

Black Goshawk Accipiter melanoleucus

Grasshopper Buzzard Butastur rufipennis

Eurasian Buzzard Buteo buteo

Mountain Buzzard Buteo oreophilus

Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus

Red-necked Buzzard Buteo auguralis

Augur Buzzard Buteo augur

Lesser Spotted Eagle Aquila pomarina

Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga

Tawny Eagle Aquila rapax

Steppe Eagle Aquila nipalensis

Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca

Wahlberg's Eagle Aquila wahlbergi

Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos

Verreaux's Eagle Aquila verreauxii

African Hawk-Eagle Aquila spilogaster

Booted Eagle Aquila pennatus

Ayres's Hawk-Eagle Aquila ayresii

Martial Eagle Polemaetus bellicosus

Long-crested Eagle Lophaetus occipitalis

Crowned Hawk-Eagle Stephanoaetus coronatus

Secretary-bird

Order: Falconiformes. Family: Sagittariidae

The Secretary-bird is a bird of prey in the order Falconiformes but is easily distinguished from other raptors by it long crane-like legs.

Secretary-bird Sagittarius serpentarius

Caracaras and falcons

Order: Falconiformes. Family: Falconidae

Falconidae is a family of diurnal birds of prey. They differ from hawks, eagles, and kites in that they kill with their beaks instead of their feet. There are 62 species worldwide and 18 species which occur in Ethiopia.

Pygmy Falcon Polihierax semitorquatus

Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni

Eurasian Kestrel Falco tinnunculus

Greater Kestrel Falco rupicoloides

Fox Kestrel Falco alopex

Grey Kestrel Falco ardosiaceus

Red-necked Falcon Falco chicquera

Red-footed Falcon Falco vespertinus

Amur Falcon Falco amurensis

Eleonora's Falcon Falco eleonorae

Sooty Falcon Falco concolor

Eurasian Hobby Falco subbuteo

African Hobby Falco cuvierii

Lanner Falcon Falco biarmicus

Saker Falcon Falco cherrug

Barbary Falcon Falco pelegrinoides

Taita Falcon Falco fasciinucha

Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus

Pheasants and partridges

Order: Galliformes. Family: Phasianidae

The Phasianidae are a family of terrestrial birds which consists of quails, partridges, snowcocks, francolins, spurfowls, tragopans, monals, pheasants, peafowls and jungle fowls. In general, they are plump (although they may vary in size) and have broad, relatively short wings. There are 156 species worldwide and 16 species which occur in Ethiopia.

Sand Partridge Ammoperdix heyi

Coqui Francolin Francolinus coqui

Crested Francolin Francolinus sephaena

Moorland Francolin Francolinus psilolaemus

Orange River Francolin Francolinus levaillantoides

Scaly Francolin Francolinus squamatus

Clapperton's Francolin Francolinus clappertoni

Harwood's Francolin Francolinus harwoodi (E)

Yellow-necked Francolin Francolinus leucoscepus

Red-necked Francolin Francolinus afer

Chestnut-naped Francolin Francolinus castaneicollis

Erckel's Francolin Francolinus erckelii

Common Quail Coturnix coturnix

Harlequin Quail Coturnix delegorguei

Blue Quail Coturnix adansonii

Stone Partridge Ptilopachus petrosus

Guineafowl

 Order: Galliformes. Family: Numididae

Guineafowl are a group of African, seed-eating, ground-nesting birds that resemble partridges, but with featherless heads and spangled grey plumage. There are 6 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Ethiopia.

Helmeted Guineafowl Numida meleagris

Crested Guineafowl Guttera pucherani

Vulturine Guineafowl Acryllium vulturinum

Buttonquails

Order: Gruiformes. Family: Turnicidae

The buttonquails are small, drab, running birds which resemble the true quails. The female is the brighter of the sexes, and initiates courtship. The male incubates the eggs and tends the young. There are 16 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Ethiopia.

Small Buttonquail Turnix sylvatica

Quail-plover Ortyxelos meiffrenii

Cranes

Order: Gruiformes. Family: Gruidae

Cranes are large, long-legged and long-necked birds. Unlike the similar-looking but unrelated herons, cranes fly with necks outstretched, not pulled back. Most have elaborate and noisy courting displays or "dances". There are 15 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Ethiopia.

Black Crowned-Crane Balearica pavonina

Demoiselle Crane Anthropoides virgo

Wattled Crane Bugeranus carunculatus

Common Crane Grus grus

Rails, crakes, gallinules, and coots

Order: Gruiformes. Family: Rallidae

Rallidae is a large family of small to medium-sized birds which includes the rails, crakes, coots, and gallinules. Typically they inhabit dense vegetation in damp environments near lakes, swamps, or rivers. In general they are shy and secretive birds, difficult to observe. Most species have strong legs, and have long toes which are well adapted to soft, uneven surfaces. They tend to have short, rounded wings and be weak fliers. There are 143 species worldwide and 17 species which occur in Ethiopia.

Buff-spotted Flufftail Sarothrura elegans

Red-chested Flufftail Sarothrura rufa

White-winged Flufftail Sarothrura ayresi

African Rail Rallus caerulescens

African Crake Crecopsis egregia

Corn Crake Crex crex

Rouget's Rail Rougetius rougetii

Black Crake Amaurornis flavirostris

Little Crake Porzana parva

Baillon's Crake Porzana pusilla

Spotted Crake Porzana porzana

Purple Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio

Allen's Gallinule Porphyrio alleni

Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus

Lesser Moorhen Gallinula angulata

Red-knobbed Coot Fulica cristata

Eurasian Coot Fulica atra

Sungrebe and Finfoots

Order: Gruiformes. Family: Heliornithidae

The Heliornithidae are small family of tropical birds with webbed lobes on their feet similar to those of grebes and coots. There are 3 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Ethiopia.

African Finfoot Podica senegalensis

Bustards

Order: Gruiformes. Family: Otididae

Bustards are large terrestrial birds mainly associated with dry open country and steppes in the Old World. They are omnivorous and nest on the ground. They walk steadily on strong legs and big toes, pecking for food as they go. They have long broad wings with "fingered" wingtips, and striking patterns in flight. Many have interesting mating displays. There are 26 species worldwide and 10 species which occur in Ethiopia.

Arabian Bustard Ardeotis arabs

Kori Bustard Ardeotis kori

Houbara Bustard Chlamydotis undulata

Stanley Bustard Neotis denhami

Heuglin's Bustard Neotis heuglinii

White-bellied Bustard Eupodotis senegalensis

Little Brown Bustard Eupodotis humilis

Buff-crested Bustard Eupodotis gindiana

Black-bellied Bustard Lissotis melanogaster

Hartlaub's Bustard Lissotis hartlaubii

Jacanas

Order: Charadriiformes. Family: Jacanidae

The jacanas are a group of tropical waders in the family Jacanidae. They are found worldwide in the Tropics. They are identifiable by their huge feet and claws which enable them to walk on floating vegetation in the shallow lakes that are their preferred habitat. There 8 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Ethiopia.

Lesser Jacana Microparra capensis

African Jacana Actophilornis africanus

Painted snipe

Order: Charadriiformes. Family: Rostratulidae

Painted snipe are short-legged, long-billed birds similar in shape to the true snipes, but more brightly coloured. There are 2 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Ethiopia.

Greater Painted-snipe Rostratula benghalensis

Crab Plover

Order: Charadriiformes. Family: Dromadidae

The Crab Plover is related to the waders. It resembles a plover but with very long grey legs and a strong heavy black bill similar to a tern. It has black and white plumage, a long neck, partially webbed feet and a bill designed for eating crabs.

Crab Plover Dromas ardeola

Oystercatchers

 

Order: Charadriiformes. Family: Haematopodidae

The oystercatchers are large and noisy plover-like birds, with strong bills used for smashing or prising open molluscs. There are 11 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Ethiopia.

Eurasian Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus

Avocets and stilts

 

Order: Charadriiformes. Family: Recurvirostridae

Recurvirostridae is a family of large wading birds, which includes the avocets and the stilts. The avocets have long legs and long up-curved bills. The stilts have extremely long legs and long, thin, straight bills. There are 9 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Ethiopia.

Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus

Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta

Thick-knees

 

Order: Charadriiformes. Family: Burhinidae

The thick-knees are a group of largely tropical waders in the family Burhinidae. They are found worldwide within the tropical zone, with some species also breeding in temperate Europe and Australia. They are medium to large waders with strong black or yellow black bills, large yellow eyes and cryptic plumage. Despite being classed as waders, most species have a preference for arid or semi-arid habitats. There are 9 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Ethiopia.

Water Thick-knee Burhinus vermiculatus

Eurasian Thick-knee Burhinus oedicnemus

Senegal Thick-knee Burhinus senegalensis

Spotted Thick-knee Burhinus capensis

Pratincoles and coursers

 

Order: Charadriiformes. Family: Glareolidae

Glareolidae is a family of wading birds comprising the pratincoles, which have short legs, long pointed wings and long forked tails, and the coursers, which have long legs, short wings and long pointed bills which curve downwards. There are 17 species worldwide and 10 species which occur in Ethiopia.

Egyptian Plover Pluvianus aegyptius

Cream-colored Courser Cursorius cursor

Temminck's Courser Cursorius temminckii

Double-banded Courser Smutsornis africanus

Three-banded Courser Rhinoptilus cinctus

Bronze-winged Courser Rhinoptilus chalcopterus

Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola

Black-winged Pratincole Glareola nordmanni

Madagascar Pratincole Glareola ocularis

Rock Pratincole Glareola nuchalis

Plovers and lapwings

 

Order: Charadriiformes. Family: Charadriidae

The family Charadriidae includes the plovers, dotterels, and lapwings. They are small to medium-sized birds with compact bodies, short, thick necks and long, usually pointed, wings. They are found in open country worldwide, mostly in habitats near water, although there are some exceptions. There are 66 species worldwide and 22 species which occur in Ethiopia.

Long-toed Lapwing Vanellus crassirostris

Blacksmith Plover Vanellus armatus

Spur-winged Plover Vanellus spinosus

Black-headed Lapwing Vanellus tectus

Senegal Lapwing Vanellus lugubris

Black-winged Lapwing Vanellus melanopterus

Crowned Lapwing Vanellus coronatus

Wattled Lapwing Vanellus senegallus

Spot-breasted Lapwing Vanellus melanocephalus (E)

Sociable Lapwing Vanellus gregarius

White-tailed Lapwing Vanellus leucurus (A)

Pacific Golden Plover Pluvialis fulva

Black-bellied Plover Pluvialis squatarola

Common Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula

Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius

Kittlitz's Plover Charadrius pecuarius

Three-banded Plover Charadrius tricollaris

White-fronted Plover Charadrius marginatus

Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus

Lesser Sandplover Charadrius mongolus

Greater Sandplover Charadrius leschenaultii

Caspian Plover Charadrius asiaticus

Sandpipers and allies

 

Order: Charadriiformes. Family: Scolopacidae

The Scolopacidae are a large diverse family of small to medium sized shorebirds including the sandpipers, curlews, godwits, shanks, tattlers, woodcocks, snipes, dowitchers and phalaropes. The majority of species eat small invertebrates picked out of the mud or soil. Variation in length of legs and bills enable different species to feed in the same habitat, particularly on the coast, without direct competition for food. There are 89 species worldwide and 29 species which occur in Ethiopia.

Jack Snipe Lymnocryptes minimus

Pintail Snipe Gallinago stenura

African Snipe Gallinago nigripennis

Great Snipe Gallinago media

Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago

Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa

Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica

Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus

Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata

Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus

Common Redshank Tringa totanus

Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis

Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia

Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus

Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola

Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus

Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos

Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres

Red Knot Calidris canutus

Sanderling Calidris alba

Little Stint Calidris minuta

Temminck's Stint Calidris temminckii

Long-toed Stint Calidris subminuta

Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos

Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea

Dunlin Calidris alpina

Broad-billed Sandpiper Limicola falcinellus

Ruff Philomachus pugnax

Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus

Skuas and jaegers

 

Order: Charadriiformes. Family: Stercorariidae

The family Stercorariidae are, in general, medium to large birds, typically with grey or brown plumage, often with white markings on the wings. They nest on the ground in temperate and arctic regions and are long-distance migrants. There are 7 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Ethiopia.

Pomarine Skua Stercorarius pomarinus

Arctic Skua Stercorarius parasiticus

Gulls

 

Order: Charadriiformes. Family: Laridae

Laridae is a family of medium to large birds seabirds and includes gulls and kittiwakes. They are typically grey or white, often with black markings on the head or wings. They have stout, longish bills and webbed feet. There are 55 species worldwide and 9 species which occur in Ethiopia.

White-eyed Gull Larus leucophthalmus

Sooty Gull Larus hemprichii

Herring Gull Larus argentatus

Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus

Caspian Gull Larus cachinnans

Great Black-headed Gull Larus ichthyaetus

Grey-headed Gull Larus cirrocephalus

Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus

Slender-billed Gull Larus genei

Terns

 

Order: Charadriiformes. Family: Sternidae

Terns are a group of generally general medium to large sea-birds typically with grey or white plumage, often with black markings on the head. Most terns hunt fish by diving but some pick insects off the surface of fresh water. Terns are generally long-lived birds, with several species now known to live in excess of 25 to 30 years. There are 44 species worldwide and 15 species which occur in Ethiopia.

Gull-billed Tern Sterna nilotica

Caspian Tern Sterna caspia

Lesser Crested Tern Sterna bengalensis

Sandwich Tern Sterna sandvicensis

Great Crested Tern Sterna bergii

Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii

Common Tern Sterna hirundo

Little Tern Sterna albifrons

Saunders's Tern Sterna saundersi

White-cheeked Tern Sterna repressa

Bridled Tern Sterna anaethetus

Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybridus

White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus

Black Tern Chlidonias niger

Brown Noddy Anous stolidus

Skimmers

 

Order: Charadriiformes. Family: Rynchopidae

Skimmers are a small family of tropical tern-like birds. They have an elongated lower mandible which they use to feed by flying low over the water surface and skimming the water for small fish. There are 3 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Ethiopia.

African Skimmer Rynchops flavirostris

Sandgrouse

 

Order: Pterocliformes. Family: Pteroclidae

Sandgrouse have small, pigeon like heads and necks, but sturdy compact bodies. They have long pointed wings and sometimes tails and a fast direct flight. Flocks fly to watering holes at dawn and dusk. Their legs are feathered down to the toes. There are 16 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in Ethiopia.

Chestnut-bellied Sandgrouse Pterocles exustus

Spotted Sandgrouse Pterocles senegallus

Yellow-throated Sandgrouse Pterocles gutturalis

Black-faced Sandgrouse Pterocles decoratus

Lichtenstein's Sandgrouse Pterocles lichtensteinii

Four-banded Sandgrouse Pterocles quadricinctus

Pigeons and doves

 

Order: Columbiformes. Family: Columbidae

Pigeons and doves are stout-bodied birds with short necks and short slender bills with a fleshy cere. There are 308 species worldwide and 21 species which occur in Ethiopia.

Rock Pigeon Columba livia

Speckled Pigeon Columba guinea

White-collared Pigeon Columba albitorques

Rameron Pigeon Columba arquatrix

Lemon Dove Columba larvata

Turtle Dove Streptopelia turtur

Dusky Turtle Dove Streptopelia lugens

African Collared Dove Streptopelia roseogrisea

White-winged Collared Dove Streptopelia reichenowi

Mourning Collared Dove Streptopelia decipiens

Red-eyed Dove Streptopelia semitorquata

Ring-necked Dove Streptopelia capicola

Vinaceous Dove Streptopelia vinacea

Laughing Dove Streptopelia senegalensis

Emerald-spotted Wood Dove Turtur chalcospilos

Black-billed Wood Dove Turtur abyssinicus

Blue-spotted Wood Dove Turtur afer

Tambourine Dove Turtur tympanistria

Namaqua Dove Oena capensis

Bruce's Green Pigeon Treron waalia

African Green Pigeon Treron calva

Parrots, macaws and allies

 

Order: Psittaciformes. Family: Psittacidae

Parrots are small to large birds with a characteristic curved beak shape. Their upper mandibles have slight mobility in the joint with the skull and they have a generally erect stance. All parrots are zygodactyl, having the four toes on each foot placed two at the front and two back. There are 335 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in Ethiopia.

Rose-ringed Parakeet Psittacula krameri

Red-headed Lovebird Agapornis pullarius

Black-winged Lovebird Agapornis taranta

Meyer's Parrot Poicephalus meyeri

Red-bellied Parrot Poicephalus rufiventris

Yellow-fronted Parrot Poicephalus flavifrons (E)

Turacos

 

Order: Cuculiformes. Family: Musophagidae

The turacos, plantain eaters and go-away birds make up the bird family Musophagidae. They are medium-sized arboreal birds. The turacos and plantain eaters are brightly coloured birds, usually blue, green or purple. The go-away birds are mostly grey and white. There are 23 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in Ethiopia.

White-cheeked Turaco Tauraco leucotis

Prince Ruspoli's Turaco Tauraco ruspolii (E)

Bare-faced Go-away-bird Corythaixoides personatus

White-bellied Go-away-bird Corythaixoides leucogaster

Eastern Plantain-eater Crinifer zonurus

Cuckoos and anis

 

Order: Cuculiformes. Family: Cuculidae

The family Cuculidae includes cuckoos, roadrunners and anis. These birds are of variable size with slender bodies, long tails and strong legs. Unlike the cuckoo species of the Old World, North American cuckoos are not brood parasites. There are 138 species worldwide and 15 species which occur in Ethiopia.

Pied Cuckoo Clamator jacobinus

Levaillant's Cuckoo Clamator levaillantii

Great Spotted Cuckoo Clamator glandarius

Red-chested Cuckoo Cuculus solitarius

Black Cuckoo Cuculus clamosus

Common Cuckoo Cuculus canorus

African Cuckoo Cuculus gularis

Klaas's Cuckoo Chrysococcyx klaas

African Emerald Cuckoo Chrysococcyx cupreus

Dideric Cuckoo Chrysococcyx caprius

Yellowbill Ceuthmochares aereus

Black Coucal Centropus grillii

Blue-headed Coucal Centropus monachus

Senegal Coucal Centropus senegalensis

White-browed Coucal Centropus superciliosus

Barn owls

 

Order: Strigiformes. Family: Tytonidae

Barn owls are medium to large sized owls with large heads and characteristic heart-shaped faces. They have long strong legs with powerful talons. There are 16 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Ethiopia.

African Grass Owl Tyto capensis

Barn Owl Tyto alba

Typical owls

 

Order: Strigiformes. Family: Strigidae

Typical owls are small to large solitary nocturnal birds of prey. They have large forward-facing eyes and ears, a hawk-like beak, and a conspicuous circle of feathers around each eye called a facial disk. There are 195 species worldwide and 16 species which occur in Ethiopia.

African Scops Owl Otus senegalensis

European Scops Owl Otus scops

Northern White-faced Owl Ptilopsis leucotis

Southern White-faced Owl Ptilopsis granti

Pharaoh Eagle-Owl Bubo ascalaphus

Cape Eagle-Owl Bubo capensis

Spotted Eagle Owl Bubo africanus

Greyish Eagle Owl Bubo cinerascens

Verreaux's Eagle Owl Bubo lacteus

Pel's Fishing Owl Scotopelia peli

African Wood Owl Strix woodfordii

Pearl-spotted Owlet Glaucidium perlatum

Little Owl Athene noctua

Abyssinian Owl Asio abyssinicus

Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus

Marsh Owl Asio capensis

Nightjars

 

Order: Caprimulgiformes. Family: Caprimulgidae

Nightjars are medium-sized nocturnal birds with long wings, short legs and very short bills that usually nest on the ground. Most have small feet, of little use for walking, and long pointed wings. Their soft plumage is camouflaged to resemble bark or leaves. There are 86 species worldwide and 17 species which occur in Ethiopia.

Eurasian Nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus

Sombre Nightjar Caprimulgus fraenatus

Egyptian Nightjar Caprimulgus aegyptius

Nubian Nightjar Caprimulgus nubicus

Donaldson-Smith's Nightjar Caprimulgus donaldsoni

Fiery-necked Nightjar Caprimulgus pectoralis

Abyssinian Nightjar Caprimulgus poliocephalus

Swamp Nightjar Caprimulgus natalensis

Plain Nightjar Caprimulgus inornatus

Star-spotted Nightjar Caprimulgus stellatus

Nechisar Nightjar Caprimulgus solala (E)

Freckled Nightjar Caprimulgus tristigma

Long-tailed Nightjar Caprimulgus climacurus

Slender-tailed Nightjar Caprimulgus clarus

Square-tailed Nightjar Caprimulgus fossii

Pennant-winged Nightjar Macrodipteryx vexillarius

Standard-winged Nightjar Macrodipteryx longipennis

Swifts

 

Order: Apodiformes. Family: Apodidae

Swifts are small aerial birds, spending the majority of their lives flying. These birds have very short legs and never settle voluntarily on the ground, perching instead only on vertical surfaces. Many swifts have long swept-back wings that resemble a crescent or a boomerang. There are 98 species worldwide and 10 species which occur in Ethiopia.

Scarce Swift Schoutedenapus myoptilus

African Palm-Swift Cypsiurus parvus

Alpine Swift Tachymarptis melba

Mottled Swift Tachymarptis aequatorialis

Common Swift Apus apus

Nyanza Swift Apus niansae

Pallid Swift Apus pallidus

Little Swift Apus affinis

Horus Swift Apus horus

White-rumped Swift Apus caffer

Mousebirds

 

Order: Coliiformes. Family: Coliidae

The mousebirds are slender greyish or brown birds with soft, hairlike body feathers and very long thin tails. They are arboreal and scurry through the leaves like rodents in search of berries, fruit and buds. They are acrobatic, and can feed upside down. All species have strong claws and reversible outer toes. They also have crests and stubby bills. There are 6 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Ethiopia.

Speckled Mousebird Colius striatus

White-headed Mousebird Colius leucocephalus

Blue-naped Mousebird Urocolius macrourus

Trogons and Quetzals

 

Order: Trogoniformes. Family: Trogonidae

The family Trogonidae includes trogons and quetzals. Found in tropical woodlands worldwide, they feed on insects and fruit, and their broad bills and weak legs reflect their diet and arboreal habits. Although their flight is fast, they are reluctant to fly any distance. Trogons have soft, often colourful, feathers with distinctive male and female plumage. There are 33 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Ethiopia.

Narina Trogon Apaloderma narina

Kingfishers

 

Order: Coraciiformes. Family: Alcedinidae

Kingfishers are medium-sized birds with large heads, long pointed bills, short legs, and stubby tails. There are 93 species worldwide and 10 species which occur in Ethiopia.

Half-collared Kingfisher Alcedo semitorquata

Malachite Kingfisher Alcedo cristata

African Pygmy-Kingfisher Ispidina picta

Grey-headed Kingfisher Halcyon leucocephala

Woodland Kingfisher Halcyon senegalensis

Blue-breasted Kingfisher Halcyon malimbica

Striped Kingfisher Halcyon chelicuti

Collared Kingfisher Todirhamphus chloris

Giant Kingfisher Megaceryle maximus

Pied Kingfisher Ceryle rudis

Bee-eaters

 

Order: Coraciiformes. Family: Meropidae

The bee-eaters are a group of near passerine birds in the family Meropidae. Most species are found in Africa but others occur in southern Europe, Madagascar, Australia and New Guinea. They are characterised by richly coloured plumage, slender bodies and usually elongated central tail feathers. All are colorful and have long downturned bills and pointed wings, which give them a swallow-like appearance when seen from afar. There are 26 species worldwide and 11 species which occur in Ethiopia.

Red-throated Bee-eater Merops bulocki

Little Bee-eater Merops pusillus

Blue-breasted Bee-eater Merops variegatus

Swallow-tailed Bee-eater Merops hirundineus

Somali Bee-eater Merops revoilii

White-throated Bee-eater Merops albicollis

Green Bee-eater Merops orientalis

Blue-cheeked Bee-eater Merops persicus

Madagascar Bee-eater Merops superciliosus

European Bee-eater Merops apiaster

Northern Carmine Bee-eater Merops nubicus

Typical rollers

 

Order: Coraciiformes. Family: Coraciidae

Rollers resemble crows in size and build, but are more closely related to the kingfishers and bee-eaters. They share the colourful appearance of those groups with blues and browns predominating. The two inner front toes are connected, but the outer toe is not. There are 12 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in Ethiopia.

European Roller Coracias garrulus

Abyssinian Roller Coracias abyssinica

Lilac-breasted Roller Coracias caudata

Rufous-crowned Roller Coracias naevia

Broad-billed Roller Eurystomus glaucurus

Hoopoes

 

Order: Coraciiformes. Family: Upupidae

Hoopoes have black, white and orangey-pink colouring with a large erectile crest on their head. There are 2 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Ethiopia.

Hoopoe Upupa epops

Woodhoopoes

 

Order: Coraciiformes. Family: Phoeniculidae

The woodhoopoes are related to the kingfishers, rollers and hoopoe. They most resemble the last species with their long curved bills, used for probing for insects, and short rounded wings. However, they differ in that they have metallic plumage, often blue, green or purple, and lack an erectile crest. There are 8 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in Ethiopia.

Green Woodhoopoe Phoeniculus purpureus

Violet Woodhoopoe Phoeniculus damarensis

Black-billed Woodhoopoe Phoeniculus somaliensis

Black Scimitar-bill Rhinopomastus aterrimus

Abyssinian Scimitar-bill Rhinopomastus minor

Hornbills

 

Order: Coraciiformes. Family: Bucerotidae

Hornbills are a group of birds whose bill is shaped like a cow's horn, but without a twist, sometimes with a casque on the upper mandible. Frequently, the bill is brightly coloured. There are 57 species worldwide and 9 species which occur in Ethiopia.

Red-billed Hornbill Tockus erythrorhynchus

Eastern Yellow-billed Hornbill Tockus flavirostris

Jackson's Hornbill Tockus jacksoni

Von der Decken's Hornbill Tockus deckeni

Crowned Hornbill Tockus alboterminatus

Hemprich's Hornbill Tockus hemprichii

African Gray Hornbill Tockus nasutus

Silvery-cheeked Hornbill Ceratogymna brevis

Abyssinian Ground-Hornbill Bucorvus abyssinicus

Barbets

 

Order: Piciformes. Family: Lybiidae

The barbets are plump birds, with short necks and large heads. They get their name from the bristles which fringe their heavy bills. Most species are brightly coloured. African barbets belong to the Lybiidae family. There are 42 species of African barbets and 11 species which occur in Ethiopia.

Yellow-fronted Tinkerbird Pogoniulus chrysoconus

Red-fronted Tinkerbird Pogoniulus pusillus

Red-fronted Barbet Tricholaema diademata

Black-throated Barbet Tricholaema melanocephala

Banded Barbet Lybius undatus

Vieillot's Barbet Lybius vieilloti

Black-billed Barbet Lybius guifsobalito

Double-toothed Barbet Lybius bidentatus

Yellow-breasted Barbet Trachyphonus margaritatus

Red-and-yellow Barbet Trachyphonus erythrocephalus

D'Arnaud's Barbet Trachyphonus darnaudii

Honeyguides

 

Order: Piciformes. Family: Indicatoridae

Honeyguides are among the few birds that feed on wax. They are named for the behaviour of the Greater Honeyguide which leads large animals to bees' nests and then feeds on the wax once the animal has broken the nest open to get at the honey. There are 17 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in Ethiopia.

Scaly-throated Honeyguide Indicator variegatus

Greater Honeyguide Indicator indicator

Lesser Honeyguide Indicator minor

Cassin's Honeyguide Prodotiscus insignis

Green-backed Honeyguide Prodotiscus zambesiae

Wahlberg's Honeyguide Prodotiscus regulus

Woodpeckers and allies

 

Order: Piciformes. Family: Picidae

Woodpeckers are small to medium sized birds with chisel like beaks, short legs, stiff tails and long tongues used for capturing insects. Some species have feet with two toes pointing forward, and two backward, while several species have only three toes. Many woodpeckers have the habit of tapping noisily on tree trunks with their beaks. There are 218 species worldwide and 10 species which occur in Ethiopia.

Eurasian Wryneck Jynx torquilla

Rufous-necked Wryneck Jynx ruficollis

Nubian Woodpecker Campethera nubica

Green-backed Woodpecker Campethera cailliautii

Abyssinian Woodpecker Dendropicos abyssinicus

Cardinal Woodpecker Dendropicos fuscescens

Bearded Woodpecker Dendropicos namaquus

Grey Woodpecker Dendropicos goertae

Grey-headed Woodpecker Dendropicos spodocephalus

Brown-backed Woodpecker Dendropicos obsoletus

Pittas

 

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Pittidae

Pittas are medium-sized by passerine standards, and stocky, with fairly long, strong legs, short tails and stout bills. Many, but not all, are brightly coloured. They are spend the majority of their time on wet forest floors, eating snails, insects and similar invertebrate prey which they find there. There are 32 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Ethiopia.

African Pitta Pitta angolensis

Larks

 

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Alaudidae

Larks are small terrestrial birds with often extravagant songs and display flights. Most larks are fairly dull in appearance. Their food is insects and seeds. There are 91 species worldwide and 29 species which occur in Ethiopia.

Singing Bushlark Mirafra cantillans

White-tailed Lark Mirafra albicauda

Friedmann's Lark Mirafra pulpa

Red-winged Lark Mirafra hypermetra

Rufous-naped Lark Mirafra africana

Flappet Lark Mirafra rufocinnamomea

Collared Lark Mirafra collaris

Gillett's Lark Mirafra gilletti

Degodi Lark Mirafra degodiensis (E)

Pink-breasted Lark Calendulauda poecilosterna

Fawn-colored Lark Calendulauda africanoides

Foxy Lark Calendulauda alopex

Archer's Lark Heteromirafra archeri (A)

Sidamo Lark Heteromirafra sidamoensis (E)

Chestnut-backed Sparrow-Lark Eremopterix leucotis

Black-crowned Sparrow-Lark Eremopterix nigriceps

Chestnut-headed Sparrow-Lark Eremopterix signata

Desert Lark Ammomanes deserti

Greater Hoopoe-Lark Alaemon alaudipes

Bimaculated Lark Melanocorypha bimaculata

Greater Short-toed Lark Calandrella brachydactyla

Blanford's Lark Calandrella blanfordi

Erlanger's Lark Calandrella erlangeri (E)

Red-capped Lark Calandrella cinerea

Somali Short-toed Lark Calandrella somalica

Masked Lark Spizocorys personata

Crested Lark Galerida cristata

Thekla Lark Galerida theklae

Short-tailed Lark Pseudalaemon fremantlii

Swallows and martins

 

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Hirundinidae

The Hirundinidae family is a group of passerines characterized by their adaptation to aerial feeding. Their adaptations include a slender streamlined body, long pointed wings and short bills with wide gape. The feet are designed for perching rather than walking, and the front toes are partially joined at the base. There are 75 species worldwide and 19 species which occur in Ethiopia.

Sand Martin Riparia riparia

Brown-throated Martin Riparia paludicola

Banded Martin Riparia cincta

Grey-rumped Swallow Pseudhirundo griseopyga

Pale Crag Martin Ptyonoprogne obsoleta

Rock Martin Ptyonoprogne fuligula

Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica

Red-chested Swallow Hirundo lucida

Ethiopian Swallow Hirundo aethiopica

Wire-tailed Swallow Hirundo smithii

White-tailed Swallow Hirundo megaensis (E)

Lesser Striped Swallow Cecropis abyssinica

Mosque Swallow Cecropis senegalensis

Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica

Red Sea Swallow Petrochelidon perdita

Red-throated Swallow Petrochelidon rufigula

Common House Martin Delichon urbicum

White-headed Sawwing Psalidoprocne albiceps

Blue Sawwing Psalidoprocne pristoptera

Wagtails and pipits

 

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Motacillidae

The Motacillidae are a family of small passerine birds with medium to long tails. They include the wagtails, longclaws and pipits. They are slender, ground feeding insectivores of open country. There are 54 species worldwide and 15 species which occur in Ethiopia.

White Wagtail Motacilla alba

African Pied Wagtail Motacilla aguimp

Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava

Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea

Mountain Wagtail Motacilla clara

Golden Pipit Tmetothylacus tenellus

Abyssinian Longclaw Macronyx flavicollis (E)

Plain-backed Pipit Anthus leucophrys

Buffy Pipit Anthus vaalensis

African Pipit Anthus cinnamomeus

Tawny Pipit Anthus campestris

Long-billed Pipit Anthus similis

Bush Pipit Anthus caffer

Tree Pipit Anthus trivialis

Red-throated Pipit Anthus cervinus

Cuckoo-shrikes

 

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Campephagidae

The cuckoo-shrikes are small to medium-sized passerine birds. They are predominantly greyish with white and black, although some species are brightly coloured. There are 82 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Ethiopia.

White-breasted Cuckoo-shrike Coracina pectoralis

Gray Cuckoo-shrike Coracina caesia

Black Cuckoo-shrike Campephaga flava

Red-shouldered Cuckoo-shrike Campephaga phoenicea

Bulbuls

 

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Pycnonotidae

Bulbuls are medium-sized songbirds. Some are colourful with yellow, red or orange vents, cheeks, throat or supercilia, but most are drab, with uniform olive brown to black plumage. Some species have distinct crests. There are 130 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Ethiopia.

Common Bulbul Pycnonotus barbatus

Sombre Greenbul Andropadus importunus

Yellow-throated Greenbul Chlorocichla flavicollis

Northern Brownbul Phyllastrephus strepitans

Grey Hypocolius

 

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Hypocoliidae

The Grey Hypocolius is a small Middle Eastern bird. They are mainly a uniform grey color, with males having a black triangular mask around the eyes, and with the shape and soft plumage of the waxwings.

Hypocolius Hypocolius ampelinus

Thrushes and allies

 

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Turdidae

The thrushes are a group of passerine birds that occur mainly in the Old World. They are plump, soft plumaged, small to medium-sized insectivores or sometimes omnivores, often feeding on the ground. Many have attractive songs. There are 335 species worldwide and 9 species which occur in Ethiopia.

Common Rock Thrush Monticola saxatilis

Little Rock Thrush Monticola rufocinereus

Blue Rock Thrush Monticola solitarius

Abyssinian Ground Thrush Zoothera piaggiae

Groundscraper Thrush Psophocichla litsipsirupa

Abyssinian Thrush Turdus abyssinicus

African Thrush Turdus pelios

African Bare-eyed Thrush Turdus tephronotus

Song Thrush Turdus philomelos

Cisticolas and allies

 

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Cisticolidae

The Cisticolidae are warblers found mainly in warmer southern regions of the Old World. They are generally very small birds of drab brown or grey appearance found in open country such as grassland or scrub. There are 111 species worldwide and 26 species which occur in Ethiopia.

Red-faced Cisticola Cisticola erythrops

Singing Cisticola Cisticola cantans

Chubb's Cisticola Cisticola chubbi

Boran Cisticola Cisticola bodessa

Rattling Cisticola Cisticola chiniana

Ashy Cisticola Cisticola cinereolus

Red-pate Cisticola Cisticola ruficeps

Winding Cisticola Cisticola galactotes

Stout Cisticola Cisticola robustus

Croaking Cisticola Cisticola natalensis

Siffling Cisticola Cisticola brachypterus

Foxy Cisticola Cisticola troglodytes

Tiny Cisticola Cisticola nana

Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis

Desert Cisticola Cisticola aridulus

Black-necked Cisticola Cisticola eximius

Pectoral-patch Cisticola Cisticola brunnescens

Graceful Prinia Prinia gracilis

Tawny-flanked Prinia Prinia subflava

Pale Prinia Prinia somalica

Red-winged Prinia Prinia erythroptera

Cricket Longtail Spiloptila clamans

Yellow-breasted Apalis Apalis flavida

Red-fronted Warbler Urorhipis rufifrons

Green-backed Camaroptera Camaroptera brachyura

Gray Wren-Warbler Calamonastes simplex

Old World warblers

 

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Sylviidae

The family Sylviidae is a group of small insectivorous passerine birds. The Sylviidae mainly occur as breeding species, as the common name implies, in Europe, Asia and, to a lesser extent Africa. Most are of generally undistinguished appearance, but many have distinctive songs. There are 291 species worldwide and 51 species which occur in Ethiopia.

African Bush-Warbler Bradypterus baboecala

Bamboo Scrub-Warbler Bradypterus alfredi

Cinnamon Bracken-Warbler Bradypterus cinnamomeus

Moustached Grass-Warbler Melocichla mentalis

Grasshopper Warbler Locustella naevia

River Warbler Locustella fluviatilis

Savi's Warbler Locustella luscinioides

Sedge Warbler Acrocephalus schoenobaenus

Reed Warbler Acrocephalus scirpaceus

African Reed-Warbler Acrocephalus baeticatus

Marsh Warbler Acrocephalus palustris

Great Reed Warbler Acrocephalus arundinaceus

Clamorous Reed Warbler Acrocephalus stentoreus

Basra Reed Warbler Acrocephalus griseldis

Lesser Swamp Warbler Acrocephalus gracilirostris

Eastern Olivaceous Warbler Hippolais pallida

Upcher's Warbler Hippolais languida

Olive-tree Warbler Hippolais olivetorum

Icterine Warbler Hippolais icterina

African Yellow Warbler Chloropeta natalensis

Buff-bellied Warbler Phyllolais pulchella

Yellow-vented Eremomela Eremomela flavicrissalis

Yellow-bellied Eremomela Eremomela icteropygialis

Senegal Eremomela Eremomela pusilla

Green-backed Eremomela Eremomela canescens

Northern Crombec Sylvietta brachyura

Short-billed Crombec Sylvietta philippae

Red-faced Crombec Sylvietta whytii

Somali Crombec Sylvietta isabellina

Brown Woodland-Warbler Phylloscopus umbrovirens

Willow Warbler Phylloscopus trochilus

Common Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita

Western Bonelli's Warbler Phylloscopus bonelli

Eastern Bonelli's Warbler Phylloscopus orientalis

Wood Warbler Phylloscopus sibilatrix

Yellow-bellied Hyliota Hyliota flavigaster

Fan-tailed Grassbird Schoenicola brevirostris

Blackcap Sylvia atricapilla

Garden Warbler Sylvia borin

Greater Whitethroat Sylvia communis

Lesser Whitethroat Sylvia curruca

African Desert Warbler Sylvia deserti

Barred Warbler Sylvia nisoria

Western Orphean Warbler Sylvia hortensis

Arabian Warbler Sylvia leucomelaena

Rueppell's Warbler Sylvia rueppelli

Subalpine Warbler Sylvia cantillans

Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephala

Menetries's Warbler Sylvia mystacea

Brown Warbler Parisoma lugens

Banded Warbler Parisoma boehmi

Old World flycatchers

 

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Muscicapidae

Old World flycatchers are a large group of small passerine birds native to the Old World. They are mainly small arboreal insectivores. The appearance of these birds is very varied, but they mostly have weak songs and harsh calls. There 274 species worldwide and 52 species which occur in Ethiopia.

Silverbird Empidornis semipartitus

Pale Flycatcher Bradornis pallidus

African Grey Flycatcher Bradornis microrhynchus

Abyssinian Slaty-Flycatcher Melaenornis chocolatinus

Northern Black-Flycatcher Melaenornis edolioides

Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa striata

Gambaga Flycatcher Muscicapa gambagae

African Dusky Flycatcher Muscicapa adusta

Gray Tit-Flycatcher Myioparus plumbeus

European Pied Flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca

Collared Flycatcher Ficedula albicollis

Semicollared Flycatcher Ficedula semitorquata

Thrush Nightingale Luscinia luscinia

Common Nightingale Luscinia megarhynchos

Bluethroat Luscinia svecica

White-throated Robin Irania gutturalis

Rueppell's Robin-Chat Cossypha semirufa

White-browed Robin-Chat Cossypha heuglini

Red-capped Robin-Chat Cossypha natalensis

Snowy-crowned Robin-Chat Cossypha niveicapilla

White-crowned Robin-Chat Cossypha albicapilla

Spotted Morning-Thrush Cichladusa guttata

White-browed Scrub Robin Cercotrichas leucophrys

Rufous-tailed Scrub Robin Cercotrichas galactotes

Black Scrub Robin Cercotrichas podobe

Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros

Common Redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurus

Whinchat Saxicola rubetra

European Stonechat Saxicola rubicola

African Stonechat Saxicola torquata

White-tailed Wheatear Oenanthe leucopyga

Somali Wheatear Oenanthe phillipsi

Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe

Mourning Wheatear Oenanthe lugens

Pied Wheatear Oenanthe pleschanka

Cyprus Wheatear Oenanthe cypriaca

Black-eared Wheatear Oenanthe hispanica

Red-tailed Wheatear Oenanthe xanthoprymna

Desert Wheatear Oenanthe deserti

Isabelline Wheatear Oenanthe isabellina

Red-breasted Wheatear Oenanthe bottae

Heuglin's Wheatear Oenanthe heuglini

Familiar Chat Cercomela familiaris

Brown-tailed Chat Cercomela scotocerca

Sombre Chat Cercomela dubia

Blackstart Cercomela melanura

Moorland Chat Cercomela sordida

Rueppell's Chat Myrmecocichla melaena

White-fronted Black-Chat Myrmecocichla albifrons (A)

Mocking Cliff-Chat Thamnolaea cinnamomeiventris

White-winged Cliff-Chat Thamnolaea semirufa

Wattle-eyes

 

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Platysteiridae

The wattle-eyes or puffback flycatchers are small stout passerine birds of the African tropics. They get their name from the brightly coloured fleshy eye decorations found in most species in this group. There are 31 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Ethiopia.

Brown-throated Wattle-eye Platysteira cyanea

Gray-headed Batis Batis orientalis

Black-headed Batis Batis minor

Pygmy Batis Batis perkeo

Monarch flycatchers

 

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Monarchidae

The monarch flycatchers are small to medium-sized insectivorous passerines, which hunt by flycatching. There are 99 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Ethiopia.

White-tailed Crested-Flycatcher Elminia albonotata

African Paradise-Flycatcher Terpsiphone viridis

Babblers

 

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Timaliidae

The babblers or timaliids are somewhat diverse in size and coloration, but are characterised by soft fluffy plumage. There are 270 species worldwide and 11 species which occur in Ethiopia.

African Hill Babbler Illadopsis abyssinica

Fulvous Chatterer Turdoides fulvus

Scaly Chatterer Turdoides aylmeri

Rufous Chatterer Turdoides rubiginosus

Dusky Babbler Turdoides tenebrosus

Black-lored Babbler Turdoides sharpei

Scaly Babbler Turdoides squamulatus

White-rumped Babbler Turdoides leucopygius

Cretzschmar's Babbler Turdoides leucocephalus

Brown Babbler Turdoides plebejus

Abyssinian Catbird Parophasma galinieri (E)

Chickadees and titmice

 

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Paridae

The Paridae are mainly small stocky woodland species with short stout bills. Some have crests. They are adaptable birds, with a mixed diet including seeds and insects. There are species 59 worldwide and 4 species which occur in Ethiopia.

White-winged Black Tit Melaniparus leucomelas

White-shouldered Black Tit Melaniparus guineensis

White-backed Black Tit Melaniparus leuconotus

Somali Tit Melaniparus thruppi

Treecreepers

 

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Certhiidae

Treecreepers are small woodland birds, brown above and white below. They have thin pointed down-curved bills, which they use to extricate insects from bark. They have stiff tail feathers, like woodpeckers, which they use to support themselves on vertical trees. There are 6 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Ethiopia.

Spotted Creeper Salpornis salvadori

Penduline tits

 

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Remizidae

The penduline tits are a group of small passerine birds, related to the true tits. They are insectivores. There are 13 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Ethiopia.

Sennar Penduline-Tit Anthoscopus punctifrons

Mouse-colored Penduline-Tit Anthoscopus musculus

Sunbirds and Spiderhunters

 

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Nectariniidae

The sunbirds and spiderhunters are very small passerine birds which feed largely on nectar, although they will also take insects, especially when feeding young. Flight is fast and direct on their short wings. Most species can take nectar by hovering like a hummingbird, but usually perch to feed. There are 131 species worldwide and 23 species which occur in Ethiopia.

Western Violet-backed Sunbird Anthreptes longuemarei

Kenya Violet-backed Sunbird Anthreptes orientalis

Collared Sunbird Hedydipna collaris

Pygmy Sunbird Hedydipna platura

Nile Valley Sunbird Hedydipna metallica

Eastern Olive Sunbird Cyanomitra olivacea

Western Olive Sunbird Cyanomitra obscura

Amethyst Sunbird Chalcomitra amethystina

Scarlet-chested Sunbird Chalcomitra senegalensis

Hunter's Sunbird Chalcomitra hunteri

Tacazze Sunbird Nectarinia tacazze

Bronze Sunbird Nectarinia kilimensis

Malachite Sunbird Nectarinia famosa

Olive-bellied Sunbird Cinnyris chloropygius

Beautiful Sunbird Cinnyris pulchellus

Mariqua Sunbird Cinnyris mariquensis

Red-chested Sunbird Cinnyris erythrocerca

Black-bellied Sunbird Cinnyris nectarinioides

Purple-banded Sunbird Cinnyris b

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