"What is the Ethiopian Orthodox Church?

The Ethiopian Orthodox Church is the largest of the Oriental Orthodox Churches in Ethiopia. The Ethiopian Orthodox Church broke away from mainline Christianity long before the Great Schism and only recognizes the first three ecumenical councils: Nicea, Constantinople, and Ephesus.

Ethiopian Orthodox churches are unique for strongly emphasizing certain Old Testament laws such as dietary restrictions, for performing exorcisms, and for using a now-extinct language, Ge’ez, for official liturgical purposes. They also prescribe specific rules for who may receive communion and dedicate their church buildings to patron saints. Membership of this denomination is estimated at more than 40 million.

The Oriental Orthodox Church split from mainline Christianity after the Council of Chalcedon. Prior to Chalcedon, councils such as Nicea, Constantinople, and Ephesus had defined the orthodox view of Christ’s divinity. Nestorianism, which emphasized that the human and divine natures of Jesus Christ were two completely different entities, had been rejected. The Council of Chalcedon declared that Christ was a single person with two unified natures, human and divine. Some felt this was too close to Nestorianism and rejected the council’s decision.

Politics also played a role in this split, as pro-Chalcedonian Emperor Justinian I attempted to replace all Christian bishops with like-minded believers. The groups that would eventually form the Oriental Orthodox Church refused to cooperate with this move. In recent years, particularly between Oriental Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches, there has been much discussion about whether the split between the two was really one of theology or mere terminology.

 

 

 

 

Tagged as:

history, Ethiopian Orthodox Church, history, General, Culture

RELATED CATEGORYMore

1400 Views Comments

What are some of the Etiquettes and Customs in Ethiopia?

Ethiopian greetings are courteous and somewhat formal. The most common form of greeting is a handshake with direct eye contact. The handshake is generally much lighter than

1472 Views Comments

What are the highlights of an Ethiopian trip (3-4 weeks) not to be missed?

Highlights. Most tourists do the historical circuit in north 7 to 12 days. Many do Omo 8 days; some do Harrar some Erte Ale volcqno qreq;

1249 Views Comments

How friendly are Ethiopians in general??

Ethiopians are just like other people. 99% of them are great and friendly BUT there are a small percentage who are pick pockets,  and certainly some