Ethiopian Religion

Ethiopian Religion

Ethiopia has close historical ties with all three of the world's major Abrahamic religions. It was one of the first areas of the world to have officially adopted Christianity as the state religion, in the 4th century. While Christianity remains the majority religion, there is also a substantial Muslim demographic, representing about a third of the population. Ethiopia is the site of the first Hijra in Islamic history and the oldest Muslim settlement in Africa at Negash. Until the 1980s, a substantial population of Ethiopian Jews resided in Ethiopia.

According to the 2007 National Census, Christians make up 62.8% of the country's population (43.5% Ethiopian Orthodox, 19.3% other denominations), Muslims 33.9%, practitioners of traditional faiths 2.6%, and other religions 0.6%. This is in agreement with the updated CIA World Factbook, which states that Christianity is the most widely practiced religion in Ethiopia. According to the latest CIA factbook figure Muslims constitute 33.9% of the population.

The Kingdom of Aksum was one of the first nations to officially accept Christianity, when St. Frumentius of Tyre, called Fremnatos or Abba Selama ("Father of Peace") in Ethiopia, converted King Ezana during the 4th century AD. Many believe that the Gospel had entered Ethiopia even earlier, with the royal official described as being baptized by Philip the Evangelist in chapter eight of the Acts of the Apostles. (Acts 8:26–39) Today, the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church, part of Oriental Orthodoxy, is by far the largest denomination, though a number of Protestant (Pentay) churches and the Ethiopian Orthodox Tehadeso Church have recently gained ground. Since the 18th century there has existed a relatively small (uniate) Ethiopian Catholic Church in full communion with Rome, with adherents making up less than 1% of the total population.
A mosque in Bahir Dar.

Islam in Ethiopia dates back to the founding of the religion; in 615, when a group of Muslims were counseled by Muhammad to escape persecution in Mecca and travel to Ethiopia via modern day Eritrea, which was ruled by Ashama ibn Abjar, a pious Christian king. Moreover, Bilal ibn Ribah, the first Muezzin, the person chosen to call the faithful to prayer, and one of the foremost companions of Muhammad, was from Abyssinia (Eritrea, Ethiopia etc.). Also, the largest single ethnic group of non-Arab Companions of Muhammad was that of the Ethiopians.

A small ancient group of Jews, the Beta Israel, live in northwestern Ethiopia, though most emigrated to Israel in the last decades of the 20th century as part of the rescue missions undertaken by the Israeli government, Operation Moses and Operation Solomon.[108] Some Israeli and Jewish scholars consider these Ethiopian Jews as a historical Lost Tribe of Israel.

There are numerous indigenous African religions in Ethiopia, mainly located in the far southwest and western borderlands. In general, most of the (largely members of the non-Chalcedonian Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church) Christians live in the highlands, while Muslims and adherents of traditional African religions tend to inhabit more lowland regions in the east and south of the country.

Tagged as:

Ethiopia, history, Religion, Religion, history, Religion

RELATED CATEGORYMore

939 Views Comments

10 Delicious Ethiopian Foods You Must Eat Before You Die

Ethiopian cuisine generally consists of vegetables, spicy meat dishes and breads. Now, if you are a food lover and particularly one with soft spot for

849 Views Comments

Top 12 Ethiopian News Portals Online

Ethiopia is an East African country with many activities going on ranging from the economic to political and social activities. Getting all the latest news

MOST WATCHED MOVIESMore

1230 Views Comments

Ye Zegenet Kiber 2

Watch The Ethiopian Movie Ye Zegenet Kiber

3643 Views Comments

Yabedkulet

Watch The Ethiopian Movie Yabedkulet  

2341 Views Comments

Yabedkulet 2

Watch The Ethiopian Movie Yabedkulet  

2929 Views Comments

Yearada Lij 2

Watch The Ethiopian Movie Yearada Lij

789 Views Comments

Tilegegne 2

Watch The Ethiopian Movie Tilegegne

5475 Views Comments

Morsilas - 2

Watch The Ethiopian Movie Morsilas

MOST WATCHED VIDEOSMore

24 Views Comments

Kambolojo: Fasika Special Program Only On EBS!

Kambolojo: Fasika Special Program Only On EBS!

877 Views Comments

Listen: Ethiopian Young Girl's Tragic Life Story

Listen: Ethiopian Young Girl's Tragic Life Story CLICK HERE FOR MORE INTERESTING VIDEOS 0 Views0 Comments Britain's PM David Cameron Postpones Ethiopia Visit Britain's PM David Cameron Postpones Ethiopia Visit  0 Views0 Comments House Approves

505 Views Comments

South Sudanese Refugees Kill 14 Ethiopians in Gambella

South Sudanese Refugees Kill 14 Ethiopians in Gambella

155 Views Comments

Amu G ft Mercy - Tewachew

Amu G ft Mercy - Tewachew

127 Views Comments

Dozens Killed in Kabul as Taliban Attack

Dozens Killed in Kabul as Taliban Attack

293 Views Comments

Two Opposition Parties in Ethiopia Blame Government for Gambella Crises

Two Opposition Parties in Ethiopia Blame Government for Gambella Crises

MOST READ NEWSMore

0 Views Comments

Ethiopia Government And USAID Inaugurate Fluoride Reduction Technology Center

Developed as a result of USAID’s grant to the Oromo Self Help Organization, the investment will help mitigate fluorosis in the Ethiopian Rift Valley through

41 Views Comments

Ethiopia’s Walid Atta scores twice but Östersund fall 4-2 to Örebro

By Zecharias Zelalem In the sixth round of Allsvenskan Swedish league action, second placed Örebro managed to beat a resilient Östersund side by a 4-2 scoreline

536 Views Comments

Ethiopian National Team Coach Has Been Sacked

Ethiopian National Team Coach Has Been Sacked

0 Views Comments

Ethiopian Woman Admits Smuggling 16 Kilos Of Shisha Tobacco To Malta

An Ethiopian woman who smuggled some 16 kilos of shisha tobacco to Malta has been handed a six-month jail term, which was suspended for two

0 Views Comments

Sri Lanka’s Government To Open Diplomatic Mission In Ethiopia

The government of Sri Lanka has announced that it will establish a diplomatic mission in Ethiopia and the mission will be established in Addis Ababa,

500 Views Comments

Three-Time Olympic Gold Medallist Tirunesh Dibaba To Make A Comeback At The Great Manchester Run

The three-time Olympic gold medallist is due to race the 10km event in May Tirunesh Dibaba is set to make her comeback at the Great Manchester

What's next